Edible Wild Plants

Cranberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) The cranberry plant is a low, creeping shrub growing up to 7 feet long and 2-8 inches high.  This plant has slender, wiry stems that are not thickly wooded and have small, tiny evergreen leaves arranged alternately. Its stem creeps along the ground. Its flowers are dark…
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Edible Wild Plants

Jujube – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Common jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) The common jujube is either a deciduous tree growing to a height of 12 meters (40 feet) or a large shrub, depending upon where it grows and how much water is available for growth. Its branches are usually spiny with shiny-green, oval leaves with three veins…
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Edible Wild Plants

Coconut – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Coconut (Cocos nucifera) The versatile Coconut palm tree (or cocoanut as it used to be spelled)  has a single, narrow, tall trunk with a cluster of very large leaves at the top. Each leaf may be over 6 meters (20 feet) long with over 100 pairs of leaflets.  Old leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chufa – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Chufa (Cyperus esculentus) This very common plant has a triangular stem and grass-like leaves that are very tough and fibrous. It grows to a height of 20 to 60 centimeters (8 to 24 inches). The mature plant has a soft, distinctive fur-like bloom, with a cluster of flat oval seeds,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chicory – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus) The edible Chicory is a woody plant growing up to meters (6 feet) tall. It is also known as blue sailors, succory, coffeeweed, and sometimes cornflower.  It has unlobed, pointed leaves clustered at the base of a tough, grooved, and more or less hairy stem and some…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chestnut – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Chestnut (Castanea sativa) The edible European chestnut (also known as Sweet Chestnut or Marron) is usually a large tree, up to 18 meters (60 feet) in height with oblong, boldly toothed leaves.  The flowers are upright catkins (slim, cylindrical flower clusters) with male flowers in the upper part and female…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cattail – this edible plant is also an excellent source of weaving material, tinder, and insect repellent

Cattail (Typha latifolia) Cattails (also known as Bulrush, Common Bulrush, Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail, Great Reedmace, Cooper's reed,Cumbungi) are grass-like plants with strap-shaped leaves 1 to 5 centimeters (1/4 to 2 inches) wide and growing up to meters (6 feet) tall. They are very densely packed with stiff, strap-like, grayish-green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cashew Nut – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Cashew Nut (Anacardium occidentale) The cashew is a spreading evergreen tree growing to a height of 12 meters (40 feet), with leaves up to 20 centimeters (8 inches) long and 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide. Its trunk is often irregularly shaped and its flowers are yellowish-pink. The leaves of the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Carob Tree – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Carob Tree (Ceratonia siliqua) This large tree has a spreading crown. Its leaves are compound and alternate. Its edible seedpods, also known as Saint John's bread, are up to 45 centimeters (18 inches) long and are filled with round, hard seeds and a thick pulp. Where to Find: This tree…
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Edible Wild Plants

Canna Lily – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Canna Lily (Canna indica) Also known as saka siri, Indian shot, canna, bandera, chancle, coyol, or platanillo.  The canna lily is a coarse perennial herb, 90 centimeters (36 inches) to 3 meters (10 feet) tall. The plant grows from a large, thick, underground rootstock that is edible. Its large leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Burl Palm – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Burl Palm (or Cabbage Palm) (Corypha elata or Corypha utan) This tree may reach 18 meters (60 feet) in height. It has large, fan-shaped leaves up to 3 meters (10 feet) long and split into about 100 narrow segments. It bears flowers in huge dusters at the top of the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Burdock – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant has wavy-edged, arrow-shaped leaves and flower heads in burrlike clusters. It grows up to 2 meters (7 feet) tall, with purple or pink flowers and a large, fleshy root. Where to FInd: Burdock is found worldwide in the north temperate zone. Look for it in…
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Edible Wild Plants

Breadfruit – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa or Artocarpus altilis) The Breadfruit is a flowering tree with large, thick leaves.  This tree may grow up to 9 meters (30 feet) tall. It has dark green, deeply divided leaves that are 75 centimeters (29 inches) long and 30 centimeters (12 inches) wide. Its fruits are…
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Edible Wild Plants

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry (Rubus) Rubus includes several closely related species including Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry.  These plants have prickly stems (canes) that grow upward, arching back toward the ground. The stems are typically woody with prickles and often tipped with tiny hairs.  They have alternate, usually compound leaves. Their…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bignay – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bignay (Antidesma bunius) Bignay (also known as bugnay, bignai, and currant tree) is a shrub or small tree, 3 to 12 meters (10 to 40 feet) tall, with shiny, oval shaped, pointed, leathery leaves about 15 centimeters (6 inches) long and 2 inches wide.  The leaves are attached to the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Beech – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Beech (Fagus) Beech trees are large (9 to 24 meters ), symmetrical forest trees that have smooth, light-gray bark and dark green foliage. The leaves of the Beech tree are sparsely toothed and the fruit is small, sharply three-angled nuts.  The character of its bark, plus its clusters of prickly…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bearberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bearberry or Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) This plant is a common evergreen shrub with reddish, scaly bark and thick, leathery leaves 4 centimeters (1 1/2 inches) long and 1 centimeter (1/2 inch) wide. The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and stiff.  The underside of the leaf is lighter green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Batoko Plum – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Batoko Plum (Flacourtia inermis) The Batoko Plum (also known as ramontchi, governor’s plum, or Indian plum) shrub or small tree has a spiny trunk and dark green, alternate, simple, oval leaves attached to drooping branches. The shrub can grow up to 25 feet high.  Its fruits are bright red and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Baobab – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Baobab (Adansonia digitata) The baobab, also known as the dead-rat tree, monkey-bread tree, or upside-down tree, tree may grow as high as 18 meters (60 feet) and may have a trunk 9 meters (30 feet) in diameter. The tree has short, stubby branches and a gray, thick bark. Its leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Banana and Plantain – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Banana and Plantain (Musa species) With their familiar fruit, the banana (or Plantain) plants are treelike plants with several large leaves at the top. Their flowers are borne in dense hanging clusters made up of tiers with up to 20 fruit to a tier.  Banana plants can grow up to…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bamboo – how to identify bamboo and use for food, weapons, tools, shelters, and more

There are several varieties of bamboo including Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Phyllostachys. Edible bamboos are woody grasses that grow up to 15 meters (50 feet) tall. The leaves are grasslike and the stems are the familiar bamboos used in furniture and fishing poles. Where to Find: Look for bamboo in warm, moist regions…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bael Fruit – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bael Fruit (Aegle marmelos) This is a tree that grows from to meters (8 to 15 feet) tall, with a dense spiny growth. The fruit is 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) in diameter, green, gray or yellowish, and full of seeds.  The Bael fruit has a smooth,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Asparagus – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) The spring growth of this edible plant resembles a cluster of green fingers. The mature plant has fernlike, wispy foliage and red berries. Its flowers are small and greenish in color. Several species have sharp, thornlike structures.  The plant grows from 39-59 inches tall with stout stems…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arrowroot – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Arrowroot (Maranta and Sagittaria species) The arrowroot is an aquatic plant with arrow-shaped leaves and potatolike tubers in the mud.  The Sagittaria species is sometimes referred to as Arrowhead, Katnisss, Swan Potato, Tule Potato, or Duck Potato.  The Maranta species is about two feet high with small white flowers and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arctic Willow – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Arctic Willow (Salix arctica) The arctic willow is a shrub that never exceeds more than 60 centimeters (24 inches) in height and grows in clumps that form dense mats on the tundra.  This low growing shrub has round, shiny green leaves with long silky, silvery hairs.  The plant’s catkins (slim,…
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