Edible Wild Plants

Nipa palm – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Nipa palm (Nipa fruticans) The Nipa palm has a short, mainly underground, horizontal trunk (from above ground it appears to have no trunk at all) and very large, erect leaves up to 9 meters (30 feet) tall. The leaves are divided into leaflets. A flowering head forms on a short…
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Edible Wild Plants

Nettle – this prickly plant is edible (and nutritious) and its fibers can be used to weave string or twine

Nettle (Urtica and Laportea species) Nettle plants can grow several feet high and sometimes grow as shrubs. The leaves and stalks are arranged across opposite sides of the stem.  The leaves are elliptic, ovate, or circular.  The leaf blades typically have 3-5 veins (rarely up to seven) and are serrated…
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Edible Wild Plants

Mulberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Mulberry (Morus species) The Mulberry tree has alternate, simple, often lobed leaves with rough surfaces.  The tree rarely grows over 33-49 feet tall.  The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, often lobed, and serrated on the edges, and typically rough on top.   The flowers are held on short, green nondescript catkins.…
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Edible Wild Plants

Marsh marigold – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) The Marsh Marigold (also known as Kingcup, Mayflower, May Blobs, Mollyblobs, Pollyblobs, Horse Bob, Water Blobs, Water Bubbles, Gollins, and Cowslip) plant has rounded, dark green leaves arising from a short stem. The plant grows to about 80 centimeters (31 inches) tall.  Its leaves are rounded…
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Edible Wild Plants

Manioc – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Manioc (Manihot utilissima) Manioc, also called Cassava, Yuca, Mandioca, and Kamoting Kaoy, is a perennial woody shrubby plant, 1 to 3 meters (3 to 9 feet) tall, with jointed stems and deep green, fingerlike leaves. It has long, fleshy, tapered rootstocks encased in a detachable rind which is rough and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Mango – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Mango (Mangifera indica) The Mango tree may reach 34-40 meters (115-130 feet) in height with a crown radius of 10 meters (33 feet). It has alternate, simple, shiny, dark green leaves. When the leaves are young they are orange-pink and change to dark, glossy red, then dark green as they…
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Edible Wild Plants

Malanga – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Malanga (Xanthosoma) Also known as Melanga, Otoy, Otoe, New Cocoyam, Tannia, Tannier, Yautia, Macabo, Taioba, Dasheen, Quequisque, or Singapore Taro, the Malanga is a popular cuisine in many countries around the world.  This plant has soft, arrow-shaped leaves up to 60 centimeters (24 inches) long. The large leaves sprout from…
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Edible Wild Plants

Lotus – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Lotus (Nelumbo species) The Lotus is an edible aquatic plant . There are two species of lotus: one has yellow flowers (known as American Lotus, Yellow Lotus, Water Chinquapin, or Volee) and the other pink flowers (known as Indian Lotus, Sacred Lotus, Bean of India, or simply Lotus). The flowers…
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Edible Wild Plants

Juniper – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Juniper (Juniperus species) Junipers, sometimes called cedars, are trees or shrubs that vary in size and shape from columnar trees to low spreading shrubs with long trailing branches. Many junipers having two types of leaves on the tree.  The trees may have very small, hard, needle-like leaves or scale-like leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Miner’s Lettuce or Indian Lettuce – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata) All Claytonia species are somewhat fleshy plants only a few centimeters tall, with showy flowers about centimeters (1 inch) across.  Known as Miner’s Lettuce, Winter Purslane, or Indian Lettuce, is usually bright green (but sometimes purplish or brownish green), long and narrow.  Miner’s Lettuce has a…
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Edible Wild Plants

Iceland moss – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Iceland moss (Cetraria islandica) The edible Iceland moss grows only a few inches high. Its color may be gray, white, pale chestnut, or even reddish.  It grows to a height of 3 to 4 inches with branches rolled into tubes which terminate in flattened lobes with fringed edges. Where to…
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Edible Wild Plants

Horseradish tree – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Horseradish  or Drumstick tree (Moringa pterygosperma) The edible Horseradish tree (also known as the moringa, benzolive tree, West Indian ben and drumstick tree) grows from to 14 meters (15 to 46 feet) tall and is rather slender with drooping branches. Its leaves have a fernlike appearance. Its flowers and long,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Hazelnut or wild filbert – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Hazelnut or wild filbert (Corylus species) Hazelnuts grow on bushes (called Hazels) to meters (6 to 12 feet) high with a crown spread of 10 to 15 feet. One species in Turkey and another in China are large trees.  They have simple, rounded leaves with double-serrated edges and soft hairs…
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Edible Wild Plants

Hackberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) Hackberry (also known as Common Hackberry, Nettletree, Beaverwood, Northern Hackberry, and American Hackberry) trees have smooth, yellowish gray bark that often has corky warts or ridges (sometimes the bark may be silvery gray or light brown). The wood of the hackberry is yellowish.  The tree may reach…
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Edible Wild Plants

Goa bean – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Goa bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) The edible Goa bean (also known as Winged Bean, Asparagus Pea, Four-angled Bean, or Winged Pea) is a climbing plant that may cover small shrubs and trees. It grows as a vine with climbing stems and leaves.  Its bean pods are 22 centimeters (9 inches) long,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Foxtail grass – foxtail grass grains are edible with a bit of preparation

Foxtail grass (Setaria species) The weedy Foxtail grass is readily recognized by the narrow, cylindrical head of grain that grows on top of the stem.  Often the ripe grain head is so heavy the grass itself is pulled down.  Its grains are small, less than 6 millimeters (1/4 inch) long.…
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Edible Wild Plants

Fishtail palm – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Fishtail palm (Caryota urens) Fishtail palms are large trees, at least 18 meters (60 feet) tall. The trees have a solitary trunk growing to about 1 foot wide.  Leaf scar rings can be found scattered along the gray trunk.  Their leaves are unlike those of any other palm; the leaflets…
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Edible Wild Plants

Fireweed – this edible plant also has medicinal uses

Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium) The Fireweed plant (also known as Great Willow herb in Canada and Rosebay Willowherb in Britain) grows up to meters (6 feet) tall. The reddish stems are plain, erect, and smooth with scattered alternate leaves.  The leaf veins are circular and do not terminate on the edges…
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Edible Wild Plants

Elderberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) Elderberry is a many-stemmed shrub with opposite-pair, compound leaves. Each pinnate has 5-9 leaflets.  It grows to a height of 6 meters (20 feet). Its flowers are fragrant, white, and borne in large flat-topped clusters up to 30 centimeters (12 inches) across. Each flower has five petals. …
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Edible Wild Plants

Duchesnea or Indian strawberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Duchesnea or Indian strawberry (Potentilla indica or Duchesnea indica) The edible duchesnea (also known as mock stawberry, Indian strawberry, or false strawberry) is a small plant that has runners and three-parted leaves. It is similar to a strawberry except it has yellow flowers (a strawberry has white or slightly pink…
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Edible Wild Plants

Daylily – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva) The Daylily plant has unspotted, tawny blossoms that open for 1 day only. It has long, swordlike, green basal leaves. Its root is a mass of swollen and elongated tubers.  Its flowers are orange-red with a pale central line.  The fruit is a three-valved capsule which splits…
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Edible Wild Plants

Date palm – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) The date palm is a tall, unbranched tree with a crown of huge, compound leaves. It can grow singly or sometimes forming a clump with several stems from a single root system.  The leaves are long with spines.  Its fruit. called “dates”, is yellow when ripe.…
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Edible Wild Plants

Dandelion – the easy-to-identify (and find) edible plant

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Many are surprised to find that the Dandelion plant is edible.  The Dandelion grows from unbranched taproots and produces more than 10 stems on each plant.  The stems, which are sparsely covered with short hairs, are slightly purplish and produce flowerheads that are typically taller than the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cuipo tree – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Cuipo tree (Cavanillesia platanifolia) The Cuipo (pronounced “kwee-po”) tree is a very dominant and easily detected tree because it extends high above the other trees – above the canopy. Its height ranges from 45 to 60 meters (149 to 198 feet) and the trunk appears to be “swollen” at the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Crowberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) The Crowberry plant is a creeping, matted, perennial evergreen shrub with short, light-green needlelike leaves. The leaves are deeply grooved beneath with the edges rolled under. The purplish crimson flowers are small and ordinary looking.  It has small, shiny, black berries that remain on the bush throughout…
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