Edible Wild Plants

Water Caltrop – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Water Caltrop (Trapa natans) The water Caltrop (also known as Water Chestnut, Buffalo Nut, Bat Nut, Devil Pod, and Singhara) is an aquatic plant that roots in the mud and has finely divided leaves that grow underwater. The Waster Chestnut stem grows 12-15 feet in length and is anchored to…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Walnut – the many uses of Walnut trees in survival situations (including of course, eating the walnuts)

Walnut (Juglans species) Walnuts grow on very large trees, often reaching 18 meters (54 feet) tall, with some growing as high as 40 meters (130 feet) tall. Walnut trees often have divided (split or forked) trunks with wide-spread crowns of foliage at the top of the tree.  Walnut trees have…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Tropical almond – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Tropical almond (Terminalia catappa) The Tropical Almond tree, also known as Indian Almond, Seas Almond Tree, and False Kamani, grows up to 35 meters (115 feet) tall. The tree has a smooth or grooved trunk and a symmetrical crown with horizontal branches and broad, glossy dark green leaves that are…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Tree fern – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Tree fern (Various genera) Tree ferns are tall trees with long, slender trunks that often have a very rough, bark-like covering. The fronds unfold and are large and multiple-pinnate (feather like).  Large, lacy leaves uncoil from the top of the trunk.  The leaves may be covered in scales with spore…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Ti – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Ti (Cordyline terminalis or Cordyline fruticosa) The ti plant (also known as Cabbage Palm, Good Luck Plant, and Palm Lily) is a woody, palm-like plant that has unbranched stems with strap-like leaves often clustered at the tip of the stem. The leaves vary in color and may be glossy green,…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Thistle – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Thistle (Cirsium species) This plant may grow as high as meters (5 feet). It has erect stems, typically with spine-tipped wings, and greyish green leaves that are long-pointed, spear-shaped, deeply lobed, and prickly.  Disk flower heads grow at the end of the branches, on an enlarged, green spiny base, and…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen (Colocasia and Alocasia species) All plants in these groups have large, arrowhead or heart shaped leaves (8-50 inches long), sometimes up to meters (6 feet) tall, that grow from a very short stem. The large rootstock (corn) is thick, fleshy, and filled with starch. …
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Tamarind – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) The tamarind (also known as Tamon) is a medium to large, densely branched tree. It grows up to 25 meters (75 feet) tall. The crown of the tree has a vase-shaped outline of dense foliage.  Its has pinnate leaves (divided like a feather) that are bright green…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sweetsop – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) This tree is small, seldom more than 6 meters (18 feet) tall, with many irregularly spreading, light brown branches growing off a short trunk. The branches have visible leaf scars with twigs that become brown with small, oval, rounded, light brown spots on the stem or branch…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sugar palm – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) The Sugar Palm (also known as Arenga Palm, Areng palm, Black-fiber palm, Gomuti Palm, Black Sugar Palm, Aren, Areng Palm, Enau, Irok, and Kaong) tree grows about 15 meters (45 feet) high and has huge leaves up to 6 meters (18 feet) long. The trunk is…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sugarcane – how to identify sugarcane and use as a nutritious food source

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms shoots at the base to produce unbranched stems with clearly marked segments.  The sugarcane plant grows up to meters (15 feet) tall with stems 1-2 inches thick. It has broad, grass-like leaves that grow alternately from the stem and…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Strawberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Strawberry (Fragaria species) Strawberry is a small, low growing plant with a three-leaved growth pattern with coarsely serrated edges growing on short, scaly stalks.  The terminal tooth on the leaf will be smaller than the other serrated teeth.   It has small, white flowers, typically with 5-6 petals, growing solitary on…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sterculia – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sterculia (Sterculia foetida) Sterculias, also known as jangli badam, bastard poon trees, hazel sterculia, and wild almond tree, are tall, straight trees, rising in some instances to 30 meters (90 feet). Branches are arranged in a circular or spiral pattern and spread horizontally.  Their leaves are crowded at the end…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Spatterdock or yellow water lily – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Spatterdock or yellow water lily (Nuphar species) The Spatterdock plant (also known as Water Lily and Pond Lily) is an aquatic plant with leaves up to 60 centimeters (24 inches) long with a triangular notch at the base. The shape of the glossy green leaves, which float on the water’s…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sorghum – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sorghum (Sorghum species) There are many different kinds of sorghum, all of which bear grains in heads at the top of the plants. The grains are brown, white, red, or black. Sorghum is the main food crop in many parts of the world. Sorghum has many names including Durra, Egyptian…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sheep sorrel – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella) Sheep Sorrel, also known as red sorrel, sour weed, and field sorrel, is a perennial weed that grows on an upright stem that is slender and reddish in color.  These plants are seldom more than 30 centimeters (12 inches) tall. They have alternate, arrow shaped leaves…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sea orach – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sea orach (Atriplex halimus) The sea orach (also known as Shrubby Orache, Saltbush)  is a sparingly branched herbaceous plant with small, gray-colored leaves up to centimeters (1 inch) long. It is an evergreen shrub growing 6-9 feet tall.  Sea orach resembles lamb's quarter, a common weed in most gardens in…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Screw pine – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Screw pine or Screwpine (Pandanus species) The screw pine is a strange plant on stilts, or prop roots, that support the plant above ground so that it appears suspended in midair. These plants are either shrubby or treelike, 3 to 9 meters (9 to 27 feet) tall, with a broad…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Saxaul – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Saxaul (Haloxylon ammodendron) The saxaul plant is found either as a small tree or as a large shrub with heavy, coarse wood and spongy, water-soaked bark. The branches of the young trees are vivid green (new growth) and hanging and turn brown, gray, or white as the tree matures.  The…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sassafras – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Sassafras (Sassafras albidum) The Sassafras tree grows to about 10 feet tall with a crown of many slender branches.  The Sassafras’ bark is thick, dark reddish brown, with deep ruts or grooves.  New stems are bright yellowish green and turn reddish brown as they mature. This shrub or small tree…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Sago palm – where to find and which parts are edible

Sago palm (Metroxylon sagu) Sago palms are low, multi-stemmed trees, rarely over 9 meters (27 feet) tall, with a stout, spiny trunk.  It has typical palm-like leaves clustered at the tip. Each stem supports around 20 leaves spread in a fan-like manner. Each leaf is composed of 150-180 leaflets.  The stem…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Rose apple – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Rose apple (Eugenia jambos, Syzygium jambos) The Rose Apple tree (also known as Malabar Plum, Plum Rose, Water Apple) grows 3 to 9 meters (9 to 27 feet) high. It is typically a low-branching shrub with smooth dark brown bark.  It has smooth, opposite, simple, dark green (red while growing),…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Rock tripe – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Rock tripe (Umbilicaria species) The Rock Tripe plant is a lichen that forms large patches with curling edges. The top of the plant is usually black. The underside is lighter in color.  It typically grows on rocks. Where to Find: Look on rocks and boulders for this plant. It is…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Reindeer moss – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Reindeer moss/lichen (Cladonia rangiferina) Reindeer moss (also known as Reindeer Lichen or Caribou Moss) is a light-colored, low-growing plant only a few centimeters tall. It grows very slowly at a rate of only a few millimeters per year.  Reindeer Moss has many branches with each branch dividing into 3-4 additional…
Read More »
Edible Wild Plants

Reed – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Reed (Phragmites australis) The Reed is a large, tall, coarse perennial (comes back year after year) grass that grows to meters (12 feet) tall and has long gray-green leaves about 4 centimeters (1 1/2 inch) wide and 1-2 feet long. It has large clusters of dark purple or brown flower…
Read More »