Edible Wild Plants

Breadfruit – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa or Artocarpus altilis) The Breadfruit is a flowering tree with large, thick leaves.  This tree may grow up to 9 meters (30 feet) tall. It has dark green, deeply divided leaves that are 75 centimeters (29 inches) long and 30 centimeters (12 inches) wide. Its fruits are…
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Edible Wild Plants

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry (Rubus) Rubus includes several closely related species including Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry.  These plants have prickly stems (canes) that grow upward, arching back toward the ground. The stems are typically woody with prickles and often tipped with tiny hairs.  They have alternate, usually compound leaves. Their…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bignay – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bignay (Antidesma bunius) Bignay (also known as bugnay, bignai, and currant tree) is a shrub or small tree, 3 to 12 meters (10 to 40 feet) tall, with shiny, oval shaped, pointed, leathery leaves about 15 centimeters (6 inches) long and 2 inches wide.  The leaves are attached to the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Beech – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Beech (Fagus) Beech trees are large (9 to 24 meters ), symmetrical forest trees that have smooth, light-gray bark and dark green foliage. The leaves of the Beech tree are sparsely toothed and the fruit is small, sharply three-angled nuts.  The character of its bark, plus its clusters of prickly…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bearberry – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bearberry or Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) This plant is a common evergreen shrub with reddish, scaly bark and thick, leathery leaves 4 centimeters (1 1/2 inches) long and 1 centimeter (1/2 inch) wide. The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and stiff.  The underside of the leaf is lighter green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Batoko Plum – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Batoko Plum (Flacourtia inermis) The Batoko Plum (also known as ramontchi, governor’s plum, or Indian plum) shrub or small tree has a spiny trunk and dark green, alternate, simple, oval leaves attached to drooping branches. The shrub can grow up to 25 feet high.  Its fruits are bright red and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Baobab – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Baobab (Adansonia digitata) The baobab, also known as the dead-rat tree, monkey-bread tree, or upside-down tree, tree may grow as high as 18 meters (60 feet) and may have a trunk 9 meters (30 feet) in diameter. The tree has short, stubby branches and a gray, thick bark. Its leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Banana and Plantain – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Banana and Plantain (Musa species) With their familiar fruit, the banana (or Plantain) plants are treelike plants with several large leaves at the top. Their flowers are borne in dense hanging clusters made up of tiers with up to 20 fruit to a tier.  Banana plants can grow up to…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bamboo – how to identify bamboo and use for food, weapons, tools, shelters, and more

There are several varieties of bamboo including Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Phyllostachys. Edible bamboos are woody grasses that grow up to 15 meters (50 feet) tall. The leaves are grasslike and the stems are the familiar bamboos used in furniture and fishing poles. Where to Find: Look for bamboo in warm, moist regions…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bael Fruit – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Bael Fruit (Aegle marmelos) This is a tree that grows from to meters (8 to 15 feet) tall, with a dense spiny growth. The fruit is 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) in diameter, green, gray or yellowish, and full of seeds.  The Bael fruit has a smooth,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Asparagus – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) The spring growth of this edible plant resembles a cluster of green fingers. The mature plant has fernlike, wispy foliage and red berries. Its flowers are small and greenish in color. Several species have sharp, thornlike structures.  The plant grows from 39-59 inches tall with stout stems…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arrowroot – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Arrowroot (Maranta and Sagittaria species) The arrowroot is an aquatic plant with arrow-shaped leaves and potatolike tubers in the mud.  The Sagittaria species is sometimes referred to as Arrowhead, Katnisss, Swan Potato, Tule Potato, or Duck Potato.  The Maranta species is about two feet high with small white flowers and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arctic Willow – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Arctic Willow (Salix arctica) The arctic willow is a shrub that never exceeds more than 60 centimeters (24 inches) in height and grows in clumps that form dense mats on the tundra.  This low growing shrub has round, shiny green leaves with long silky, silvery hairs.  The plant’s catkins (slim,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Amaranth – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Amaranth (Amaranthus species) These plants, which grow 90 to 150 centimeters (35 to 60 inches) tall, are abundant weeds in many parts of the world. All amaranth have alternate simple leaves. They may have some red color present on the stems. They bear minute, greenish flowers in dense clusters at…
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Edible Wild Plants

Almond – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Almond (Prunus amygdalus) The almond tree, which sometimes grows to meters (40 feet), looks like a peach tree. The fresh almond fruit resembles a gnarled, unripe peach and grows in clusters. The stone (the almond itself) is covered with a thick, dry, woolly skin. When flowering, they will have many…
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Edible Wild Plants

Agave – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Agave or Aloe Vera (several hundred Agave species) These edible plants have large clusters of thick, fleshy leaves borne close to the ground and surrounding a central stalk. The plants flower only once, then die. They produce a massive flower stalk. Where to Find: Agaves prefer dry, open areas. They…
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Edible Wild Plants

Acacia – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Acacia (Acacia farnesiana or Vachellia farnesiana) Acacia (also known as Needle Bush) is a spreading, usually short tree with spines and alternate compound leaves. Its individual leaflets are small. Its flowers are ball-shaped, bright yellow, and very fragrant. Its bark is a whitish-gray color. Its fruits are dark brown and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Abal – edible wild plant – how to find, identify, prepare, and other uses for survival.

Abal (Calligonum comosum) The abal is one of the few shrubby plants that exist in the shady deserts. This plant grows to about meters (4 feet), and its branches look like wisps from a broom. The stiff, green branches produce an abundance of flowers in March and April. Where to…
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First Aid

Bleeding – how to control bleeding in the wild.

Introduction Serious bleeding must be controlled immediately or the victim may die within minutes.  External bleeding falls into the following classifications: Arterial Arteries carry blood from the heart throughout the body.  A cut to an artery will result in bright red blood which spurts of pulses each time the heart…
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General Health

In the wilderness, poor hygiene can kill you – the importance of personal hygiene in a survival situation.

Introduction to Personal Hygiene in the Wilderness One of the leading causes of death in long-term survival situations is infections and disease.  Both leading causes are directly related to personal hygiene.  Cleanliness is extremely important to your survival. Of course, a hot shower with soap is ideal but in a…
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Survival Skills

The most important survival lesson of all – all about water and dehydration in a survival situation.

Introduction Your body loses water through normal bodily processes such as sweating and urination.  A person loses and therefore requires an average of 2 to 3 liters of water daily.  Environmental factors such as heat, cold, and altitude as well as your level of activity can cause your body to…
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Survival Kits

Preparing an emergency survival kit – supplies needed for the ultimate bugout bag.

Introduction to survival kits/bugout bags The environment you will operate in is key to the types of items you will need in your survival kit and how much equipment you put in it depends on how long you will be required to survive using the items in your bugout bag. …
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